Closed-Loop Control and Performance Evaluation of Reduced Part Count Multilevel Inverter Interfacing Grid-Connected PV System
Peer reviewed, Journal article
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Original versionIEEE Access. 2020, 8, 75691-75701 10.1109/ACCESS.2020.2987620
Multilevel inverters (MLIs) have drawn a tremendous attention in power sector. Application of MLI has grown extensively to improve the power quality and efficiency of the photovoltaic (PV) system. For an MLI interfacing PV system, the size, cost and voltage stress are the key constraints of the MLI that need to be minimized. This paper presents a novel reduced part count MLI interfacing single-stage grid-tied PV system along with a closed-loop control strategy. The proposed MLI consists of n repeating units and a level boosting circuit (LBC) that assists to generate 4n+7 voltage levels instead of 2n+3 levels. Three different algorithms are proposed for suitable selection of dc-link voltages to further enhance the levels. Comparative analysis is carried out to confirm the superiority of developed MLI. The workability of the proposed MLI is investigated with a 1.3 kW PV system. The closed-loop control strategy ensures the maximum power tracking, dc-link voltage balancing, satisfactory operation of the MLI and injection of clean sinusoidal grid current under any dynamic changes. Comprehensive simulation analysis is carried out considering a 15-level MLI structure. The practicality of the topological advancement for PV system is further confirmed by experimental tests under different dynamic conditions.