The motivation for incorporation of microgrid technology in rooftop solar photovoltaic deployment to enhance energy economics
Peer reviewed, Journal article
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Original versionSustainability. 2020, 12 (24):10365 10.3390/su122410365
Deployment of rooftop solar PV technology in domestic premises plays a significant role in accomplishing renewable energy transformation. Majority of domestic consumers still do not have a positive perception about adopting rooftop solar PV technology, due to its high capital cost and prolonged payback period. In this aspect, the proposed work identifies the factors causing energy deprivation in the present distribution and utilization system. To explicitly express the importance of the present work, an extensive case study based on Indian scenario has been carried out to investigate where the losses occur in the existing distribution system and how the solar power and its storage system have been ineffectively utilized. The deep investigation has thrown light on several issues that lead to the performance deterioration of PV technology. Finally, in this work, a scheme to incorporate hybrid microgrid technology in the domestic distribution network has been proposed to effectively manage the distribution system and to efficiently utilize solar power and its storage systems. The real-time electricity tariff data have been taken for cost comparison and payback period calculations to prove the effectiveness of the proposed method. A crucial comparisons have been presented based on energy saving and CO2 emission reduction strategies.